Spotters in "Nutrition and Health: Beverages" for CFM & MPH students

1. Coconut Water (नारियल पानी ):

Fresh & healthy Tender Coconut - BuyBuyCart

Nutritional Values (per 100 gm) & important features of Coconut water:

  • Carbohydrate: 3.71 gm
  • Protein: 0.72 gm
  • Fat: 0.2 gm 
  • Energy: 19 kcal
  • Minerals:(Ca- 24 mg, Mg- 25 mg, Iron- 0.29 mg, K- 250 mg)
  • Thiamine: 0.03 mg
  • Riboflavin: 0.05  mg
  • Niacin: 0.08 mg
  • Vitamin C: 2.4 mg
  • Folates: 3 µg
  • Clinical importance: Rich in cytokines, bioactive enzymes & potassium.

2.  Sugarcane juice (गन्ने का रस):

SUGARCANE JUICE – Verature Overseas Pvt. Ltd.

Nutritional Values (per 100 gm) & important features of Sugarcane juice:

  • Carbohydrate: 9.1 gm
  • Protein: 0.1 gm
  • Fat: 0.2 gm 
  • Energy: 39 kcal
  • Minerals:  0.4 gm 
  • (Ca- 10 mg, P-10 mg, Iron-0.1 mg, K-)
  • Thiamine: 0.03 mg
  • Crude fiber: 0.56 gm
  • Riboflavin:  0.04 mg
  • Niacin: 0.14 mg
  • Vitamin C: 7 mg
  • Carotene: 41 µg
  • Clinical importance: It has no simple sugars hence diabetics can enjoy it.

3. Palm sap/ Neera (नीरा):


Neera: Health Benefits & Nutrition Facts - Drlogy

Nutritional Values (per 100 gm) & important features of Palm sap/ Neera :

  • Carbohydrate: 10.9 gm
  • Protein: 0.4 gm
  • Fat: 0.1 gm 
  • Energy: 45 kcal
  • Minerals: 0.5 gm 
  • (Ca- 15 mg, P-140 mg, Iron-0.1 mg, K-180 mg)
  • Thiamine: 0.05 mg
  • Riboflavin:  0.08 mg
  • Niacin: 0.7 mg
  • Vitamin C: 15 mg
  • Clinical importance: Rich in Potassium, Magnesium, Zinc and Iron and a natural source vitamin B complex and vitamin C. Diabetic friendly having low glycemic index.

4. Coffee (काॅफी):



Cup of Black Coffee

Nutritional Values (per 150 ml) & important features of Coffee:

  • Carbohydrate: 17.8 gm
  • Protein: 1.8 gm
  • Fat: 2.2 gm 
  • Energy: 98 kcal
  • Clinical importance: Rich in caffeine (0.6% to 2%) which is a stimulant of nervous system.


5. Tea (चाय):

What next for Lipton and PG Tips? Unilever's strategic tea review


Nutritional Values (per 150 ml) & important features of Tea:

  • Carbohydrate: 16.4 gm
  • Protein: 0.9 gm
  • Fat: 1.1 gm 
  • Energy: 79 kcal
  • Clinical importance: Rich in caffeine (2-6%), tannic acid (6-12%) & also contains theophylline (traces).

6. Cocoa (कोकोआ):


Cocoa drink . stock photo. Image of chocolate, isolated - 29522296

Nutritional Values (per 150 ml) & important features of Cocoa:

  • Carbohydrate: 26.2 gm
  • Protein: 7.2 gm
  • Fat: 8.8 gm 
  • Energy: 213 kcal
  • Clinical importance: Rich in theobromine which has stimulating properties.

7. Soft drinks (साॅफ्ट ड्रींक):


The soft drinks industry to reduce added sugars a further 10% by ...

Important features of Soft drinks:

  • Some are carbonated example soda water incorporating carbon-dioxide under high pressure.
  • Some are non carbonated such as fruit juices.
  • Principal ingredients are carbon dioxide, sugars, acids such as citric or tartaric acid, coloring and flavoring agents.

8. Alcoholic drinks (शराब):



The 30 Most Popular Liquors In The World | VinePair


Important features of Alcoholic drinks:

  • These are beer, whisky, rum, gin, arrack etc.
  • Alcoholic content varies widely from 5-6 % in beers to 40-50 % in rum, whisky, gin & brandy.
  • Alcohol gives about 7 kcal per gram. 



References:
  1. National Institute of Nutrition (India), Gopalan, C., Rama, S. B. V., & Balasubramanian, S. C. (1978). Nutritive value of Indian foods. Hyderabad, India: National Institute of Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research.
  2. Park, K. (2019). Park's textbook of preventive and social medicine. 25th. Jabalpur, India: M/S Banarsidas Bhanot.
  3. Kadri AM. (2019). IAPSM's Textbook of Community Medicine. 1st. New Delhi, India: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.
  4. Longvah T, An-antan I, Bhaskarachary K, Venkaiah K. Indian food composition tables. Hyderabad: ICMR-National Institute of Nutrition; 2017.
  5. Mohan Ram M and I Gopalan (1981). Nutritional Disabilities, ICMR, National Institute of Nutrition, Hydrabad.
  6. Tricase, C., Amicarelli, V., Lamonaca, E., & Rana, R. L. (2018). Economic analysis of the barley market and related uses. In Grasses as Food and Feed. IntechOpen.
  7. https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/172436/nutrients
  8. https://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_caca27.pdf
  9. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/742
  10. https://buybuycart.com/product/coconut-2/ photo credit
  11. https://veratureoverseas.com/product/sugarcane-juice/ photo credit
  12. https://drlogy.com/food-facts/beverages/neera-terrific-health-benefits-facts photo credit
  13. https://www.picserver.org/c/coffee-cup-black01.html photo credit
  14. https://www.beveragedaily.com/Article/2020/01/31/What-next-for-Lipton-and-PG-Tips-Unilever-s-strategic-tea-review photo credit
  15. https://www.dreamstime.com/royalty-free-stock-image-cocoa-drink-image29522296 photo credit
  16. https://www.newfoodmagazine.com/article/42343/soft-drinks-industry-reduce-added-sugars-10-2020/ photo credit
  17. https://vinepair.com/world-top-30-liquors/ photo credit
  18. https://vikaspedia.in/health/nutrition/nutritive-value-of-foods/healing-effects-of-sugarcane-juicee 
  19. http://www.ifct2017.com/frame.php?page=home
  20. https://coconutboard.in/images/media-fnbnews-3-8-15.pdf

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