Spotters in "Nutrition and Health:Condiments & Spices" for CFM & MPH students

1. Chillies (Red) (लाल मिर्च):

Fresh Red Chilli at Rs 90/kilogram | Fresh Red Chilli, रेड ...

Nutritional Values (per 100 gm) & important features of Red chillies :

  • Carbohydrate: 31.6 gm
  • Protein: 15.9 gm
  • Fat: 6.2 gm 
  • Energy: 246 kcal
  • Minerals: 6.1 gm 
  • (Ca- 160 mg, P-370 mg, Iron-2.3 mg)
  • Crude fiber: 30.2 gm
  • Thiamine: 0.9 mg
  • Riboflavin: 0.4  mg
  • Niacin: 9.5 mg
  • Vitamin C: 50  mg
  • Carotene: 345 µg
  • Moisture: 10 gm
  • Clinical importance: Rich in carotene, fiber & vitamin C.
2. Chillies (Green) (हरी मिर्च): 

Green Chilly 100gm – Organic Tapovana

Nutritional Values (per 100 gm) & important features of Green Chillies :

  • Carbohydrate: 3 gm
  • Protein: 2.9 gm
  • Fat: 0.6 gm 
  • Energy: 29 kcal
  • Minerals: 1 gm 
  • (Ca-30  mg, P-80 mg, Iron-4.4 mg)
  • Thiamine: 0.19 mg
  • Crude fiber: 6.8 gm
  • Riboflavin: 0.39  mg
  • Niacin: 0.43 mg
  • Folic acid: 29 mg
  • Vitamin C: 111 mg
  • Carotene: 175 µg
  • Moisture: 85.7 gm
  • Clinical importance: Rich in vitamin C.

3. Asafoetida (हींग):

Hing resin pure – Ferula asafoetida – Indi-Shop

Nutritional Values (per 100 gm) & important features of Asafoetida:

  • Carbohydrate: 67.8 gm
  • Protein: 4 gm
  • Fat: 1.1 gm 
  • Energy: 297 kcal
  • Minerals: 7 gm 
  • (Ca- 690 mg, P- 50 mg, Iron- 39.4 mg)
  • Crude fiber: 4.1 gm
  • Riboflavin: 0.04  mg
  • Niacin: 0.3 mg
  • Carotene: 4 µg
  • Moisture: 16 gm
  • Clinical importance: Rich in iron & calcium.

4. Cardamom (इलाईची):

Cardamom nutrition facts, medicinal properties and health benefits

Nutritional Values (per 100 gm) & important features of Cardamom:

  • Carbohydrate: 42.1 gm
  • Protein: 10.2 gm
  • Fat: 2.2 gm 
  • Energy: 229 kcal
  • Minerals: 5.4 gm 
  • (Ca- 130 mg, P-160 mg, Iron-4.6 mg)
  • Crude fiber: 20.1 gm
  • Thiamine: 0.2 mg
  • Riboflavin: 0.17  mg
  • Niacin: 0.8 mg
  • Moisture: 20 gm

5. Cloves dry (लौंग):

Dry Clove at Rs 450/kilogram | Dried Cloves, Dry laung, सूखी ...

Nutritional Values (per 100 gm) & important features of Cloves:

  • Carbohydrate: 46 gm
  • Protein: 5.2 gm
  • Fat: 8.9 gm 
  • Energy: 286 kcal
  • Minerals: 5.2 gm 
  • (Ca- 740 mg, P- 100 mg, Iron- 11.7 mg)
  • Crude fiber: 9.5 gm
  • Thiamine: 0.08 mg
  • Riboflavin: 0.13 mg
  • Carotene: 253 µg
  • Moisture: 25.2 gm
  • Clinical importance: Rich in calcium.

6. Coriander (धनिया):

Rudra Sen Coriander Powder, For Cooking, Packaging Size: 10 kg, Rs ...

Nutritional Values (per 100 gm) & important features of Coriander :

  • Carbohydrate: 21.6 gm
  • Protein: 14.1 gm
  • Fat: 16.1 gm 
  • Energy: 288 kcal
  • Minerals: 4.4 gm 
  • (Ca-630  mg, P-393 mg, Iron-7.1 mg)
  • Crude fiber: 32.6 gm
  • Thiamine: 0.22 mg
  • Riboflavin: 0.35  mg
  • Niacin: 1.1 mg
  • Folic acid: 84 mg
  • Carotene: 942 µg
  • Moisture: 11.2 gm
  • Clinical importance: Rich in calcium, carotene & folic acid.

7. Cumin seeds (जीरा):

Cumin Seed, Whole | Col De Gourmet Herbs & Spices

Nutritional Values (per 100 gm) & important features of Cumin seeds :

  • Carbohydrate: 36.6 gm
  • Protein: 18.7 gm
  • Fat: 15 gm 
  • Energy: 356 kcal
  • Minerals: 5.8 gm 
  • (Ca- 1080 mg, P-511 mg, Iron-11.7 mg)
  • Crude fiber: 12 gm
  • Thiamine: 0.55 mg
  • Riboflavin: 0.36  mg
  • Niacin: 2.6 mg
  • Carotene: 522 µg
  • Moisture: 11.9 gm
  • Clinical importance: Rich in calcium.

8. Garlic (लहसुन):

A Grade Organic Fresh Garlic, Rs 200 /kg Poonar Tradetech LLP | ID ...

Nutritional Values (per 100 gm) & important features of Garlic:

  • Carbohydrate: 29.8  gm
  • Protein: 6.2 gm
  • Fat: 0.1 gm 
  • Energy: 145 kcal
  • Minerals: 1 gm 
  • (Ca- 30 mg, P-310 mg, Iron-1.2 mg)
  • Thiamine: 0.06  mg
  • Riboflavin:0.23   mg
  • Niacin: 0.4 mg
  • Vitamin C: 13 mg
  • Moisture: 62 gm

9. Ginger fresh (अदरख):

How to use ginger (Adrak or Adarak), the healthiest food according ...

Nutritional Values (per 100 gm) & important features of Ginger:

  • Carbohydrate: 12.3 gm
  • Protein: 2.3 gm
  • Fat: 0.9 gm 
  • Energy: 67 kcal
  • Minerals: 1.2 gm 
  • (Ca- 20 mg, P-60 mg, Iron-3.5 mg)
  • Niacin: 0.6 mg
  • Vitamin C: 6 mg
  • Carotene: 40 µg
  • Moisture: 80.9 gm
  • Clinical importance:

10. Black Pepper (काली मिर्च):

Organic Whole Black Peppercorns | Australia | The Source Bulk Foods

Nutritional Values (per 100 gm) & important features of Black pepper:

  • Carbohydrate: 49.2 gm
  • Protein: 11.5 gm
  • Fat: 6.8 gm 
  • Energy: 304 kcal
  • Minerals: 4.4 gm 
  • (Ca- 460 mg, P-198 mg, Iron-14 mg)
  • Crude fiber: 14.9 gm
  • Thiamine: 0.09 mg
  • Riboflavin: 0.14  mg
  • Niacin: 0.14 mg
  • Carotene: 1080 µg
  • Moisture: 18.2 gm
  • Clinical importance: Rich in carotene.

11. Turmeric (हल्दी):

Turmeric side effects: Health benefits and risks

Nutritional Values (per 100 gm) & important features of Turmeric:

  • Carbohydrate: 69.4 gm
  • Protein: 6.3 gm
  • Fat: 5.1 gm 
  • Energy: 349 kcal
  • Minerals: 3.5 gm 
  • (Ca-150  mg, P-282 mg, Iron-67.8 mg)
  • Niacin: 2.3 mg
  • Folic acid: 18 mg
  • Carotene: 30 µg
  • Moisture: 13.1 gm
  • Clinical importance: Rich in iron.

12. Tamarind pulp (ईमली ):


Tamarind Pulp: Where to find it and how to use it

Nutritional Values (per 100 gm) & important features of :

  • Carbohydrate: 67.4 gm
  • Protein: 3.1 gm
  • Fat: 0.1 gm 
  • Energy: 283 kcal
  • Minerals: 2.9 gm 
  • (Ca-170  mg, P-110 mg, Iron-17 mg)
  • Niacin: 0.7 mg
  • Vitamin C: 3 mg
  • Carotene: 60 µg
  • Moisture: 20.9 gm
  • Clinical importance: Rich in iron.

13. Iodized salt (आयोडीन युक्त नमक):

Amazon.com : Tata Salt, 1 kg - (1000 grams pack) - 35.27 oz ...

 Important features of Iodized salt:

  • Iodine required for synthesis of thyroid hormones.
  • Iodine deficiency causes hypothyroidism, impaired mental & physical development, neurological cretinism,  increased rate of abortion & stillbirth,
  • Daily iodine requirement is 150 micro-grams/day for adults and in pregnancy 250 micro-grams
  • Daily recommended salt intake is 5 gm per person.

References:
  1. National Institute of Nutrition (India), Gopalan, C., Rama, S. B. V., & Balasubramanian, S. C. (1978). Nutritive value of Indian foods. Hyderabad, India: National Institute of Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research.
  2. Park, K. (2019). Park's textbook of preventive and social medicine. 25th. Jabalpur, India: M/S Banarsidas Bhanot.
  3. Kadri AM. (2019). IAPSM's Textbook of Community Medicine. 1st. New Delhi, India: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.
  4. Longvah T, An-antan I, Bhaskarachary K, Venkaiah K. Indian food composition tables. Hyderabad: ICMR-National Institute of Nutrition; 2017.
  5. Mohan Ram M and I Gopalan (1981). Nutritional Disabilities, ICMR, National Institute of Nutrition, Hydrabad.
  6. Tricase, C., Amicarelli, V., Lamonaca, E., & Rana, R. L. (2018). Economic analysis of the barley market and related uses. In Grasses as Food and Feed. IntechOpen.
  7. https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/172436/nutrients
  8. https://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_caca27.pdf
  9. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/742
  10. https://www.indiamart.com/proddetail/fresh-red-chilli-20187760855.html photo credit
  11. https://organictapovana.com/product/green-chilly-100gm/ photo credit
  12. http://indi-shop.com/product/hing-resin-pure/ photo credit
  13. https://www.nutrition-and-you.com/cardamom.html photo credit
  14. https://www.indiamart.com/proddetail/dry-clove-13221850455.html
  15. https://www.indiamart.com/proddetail/coriander-powder-21235355597.html photo credit
  16. https://colonelde.com/shop/herbs-spices/cumin-seed-whole photo credit
  17. https://www.indiamart.com/proddetail/organic-fresh-garlic-22176559830.html photo credit
  18. https://www.timesnownews.com/health/article/health-benefits-of-ginger-ways-to-use-adrak-or-adarak-in-your-winter-diet/529483 photo credit
  19. https://thesourcebulkfoods.com.au/shop/herbs-spices/organic-whole-black-peppercorns/ photo credit 
  20. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/318405 photo credit
  21. http://www.tamarindpaste.org/tamarind-pulp-where-to-find-it-and-how-to-use-it/ photo credit
  22. https://www.tatasalt.com/product-tata-salt photo credit

















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